ABC’s of infertility – Egg retrieval, embryo biopsy and electroejaculation

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The process of egg retrieval

A procedure usually done under sedation – usually very powerful, so it is not painful and she should be “out” for the entire process. It involves a trans-vaginal ultrasound to visualize the follicles. A woman is inserted an aspiration needle into the through the vagina straight into the follicle to aspirate the fluid that contains the egg cell from the follicle. The whole procedure takes usually about 10 minutes or a bit more. After the procedure the patient wakes up and is monitored for about an hour and then she can go home. There might be some cramps after the procedure for a couple of hours.

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The procedure of embryo biopsy

The process of screening the embryo for abnormalities and disorders in order to check if it is good for transfer. It can be done using PGD, PGS or some older methods or the newest method Karyomapping. It is often used for sex selection. All those methods are mainly used to prevent giving birth to a child with genetic disorders or to choose a gender to avoid gender related diseases. However there are clinics in various countries which provide the embryo biopsy for sex selection. This is however a very controversial subject and in some countries like India or China could cause huge demographic problems in the future.

The procedure of electroejaculation

A process of obtaining semen samples from sexually mature males. Eletroejaculation is a process used for treating male ejaculatory disorders but it is also used as breeding and research programs for various species. It is usually done when the patient is under a general anesthetic. The process involves an electric probe which is inserted into the rectum next to the prostate gland and it delivers about 12-24 volts of AC at the frequency of 60 Hz with about 500 mA. After about 2-3 minutes ejaculation occurs. Caution must be used during the procedure to not burn any of the delicate tissue.

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