There is still no cure for the polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) Even though many researchers, doctors and scientists are working on finding one it is still without a notable success. You can however manage the symptoms.
There is a lot of different treatment options dependant on which symptoms does the person with PCOS have. You can have all the symptoms, several symptoms or just one of them. So the treatment for each patient could be a bit different.
Here are the main options for PCOS treatment
The medication will vary, again dependent on what PCOS symptoms you are dealing with.
Fertility problems: The medication used initially when a woman with PCOS wants to have a baby is Clomifene which encourages ovulation. If Clomifene doesn’t help your ovulation then the second option would be Metformin which is also used to treat type 2 diabetes.
Metformin stimulates ovulation, regulates periods and lowers the risk of having a miscarriage. Furthermore it lowers the chances of having heart diseases and lowers cholesterol levels. If you want to use Metformin for your PCOS while being sexually active but you don’t want to conceive remember to use contraception . Metformin in some countries like UK isn’t licensed as a drug for PCOS, it is however often used for treating it off-label. You can experience some side effects when using this medication which include stomach pains, diarrhoea, vomiting and nausea. If you need more detailed information on Metformin and how to use it visit the The National Institute for Health and Care and Excellence (NICE) website to read more about it here (http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ESUOM6/ifp/chapter/about-metformin)
If neither Clomifene or Metformin helped you get pregnant there’s an alternative drug called gonadotrophins but it’s more risky because it can overstimulate your ovaries and increases the risk of multiple birth.
Period problems, irregularities or lack of periods: Contraceptives is the basic and most often recommended medication. It will most likely cause the periods to be regular. You can also use progesterone tablets which can be taken on a regular basis or just at times when it is needed. Both will lower the risks of having endometrial cancer.
Hair growth and hair loss problems: There are various medications to control the hair problems PCOS causes. In cases of excess of hair and loosing hair most commonly recommended drugs are: cyproterone acetate, finasteride, spironolactone, flutamide, and also a combination of contraceptives such as Marvelon, cocyprindol, Dianette and Yasmin. Such medications blocks the such male hormones as testosterone and restrain your ovaries from producing more of them. Other than that you can of course use physical methods of removing the hair from your body and face.
Lifestyle – overweight risks
PCOS is even a worse enemy for overweight women. Doctors recommend that women with excess fat tissue should lose it because it increases the strength of most of the symptoms and risks of long term health problems. If your overweight losing just 5% of your weight could hugely improve your quality of life with PCOS. If you want to know if you have a healthy weight you can use a BMI weight calculator by clicking here (https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/BMI/bmicalc.htm) We will not bother here on ways to lose weight let’s just say that it’s a healthy diet, exercise and a more active lifestyle in overall. Use google to find the best exercise routines and diets for you. Remember that having PCOS rises the pregnancy risks, all this hazards have an even higher chance to occur when you are overweight.
Surgery – laparoscipic ovarian drilling
An optional non-medication treatment for fertility problems caused by PCOS is the laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD). It is a surgical procedure done under general anaesthetic in which the doctor puts a thin microscope through a small cut in your abdomen and using either laser or heat frees you of the tissue that produces male hormones. LOD is able to regulate hormonal imbalances and makes your ovaries function as they should by lowering the testosterone levels and a the same time raising the levels of the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH).
Although as we said in the beginning there is still no cure for PCOS managing the symptoms with the methods listed above could improve your live significantly. So until there is a true cure stay strong and don’t give yourself up to PCOS.