IVF and Egg Donation in Latvia

Table of Contents

IVF in Latvia - basic information

Egg Donation in Latvia

brief information regarding donor eggs IVF in Latvia
5,000-8,000 Egg donation cost range in Latvia
  • Egg donation cycles per year1
    101
  • Average egg donation success rates2
    no enough data
  • Egg donation
    Anonymous
  • Donor availability
    Caucasian, Scandinavian
IVF and Egg Donation in Latvia - availability and limits
Maximum patient ageNo limit
not specified by legislation, decided by each clinic individually
IVF treatments for single womenAllowed
IVF treatments for female same sex couplesAllowed
Gender selectionAllowed only if there are medical reasons
Not allowed for family balancing reasons
Maximum number of embryos to transfer
IVF with donor eggs
Not specified by legislation
there are approved guidelines which do not
recommend embryo transfer of 3 or more, SET is recommended
Maximum number of embryos to transfer
IVF with own eggs
Egg donation - anonymityAnonymous
Some characteristics, history and skills may be revealed to the recipient - depending on clinic's decision
Egg donor availabilityGood
Egg donor age18-35
Maximum number of children born from the same egg donor3
Sperm donor - maximum age45
Maximum number of children born from the same sperm donor3
IVF clinics in LatviaCheck IVF clinics in Latvia >>>
Sources: Legislation and reimbursement of ART and IUI treatments in Europe >>> | IVF Aroad Patients Guide, WhereIVF.com >>>

Why IVF in Latvia?

The scenic Latvia is home to many stunning views and architectural wonders. What the country is not yet famous for is its ability to offer high quality fertility treatments, however is has become one of the most reliable and quality fertility treatment providers in Europe. An important advantage is the fact that Latvia belongs to both the European Union and the Schengen area. Looking for a perfect place for IVF? Riga (Latvia capital) may be an option to consider.

Reasons to go to Latvia for IVF or Egg Donation

IVF clinics in Latvia

According to the 2014 report by the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE), there were only five clinics in Latvia in that year, with only three reporting their results directly to ESHRE. But don’t let yourself be fooled by that number, though. Latvian clinics offer high standards of care and follow modern procedures for safe and effective IVF. Riga, Latvia, is the place where most of those clinics are located.

The country often serves foreign patients seeking affordable treatments with Lithuanians and Estonians arriving in large numbers. Latvia is also increasing in popularity as a destination for patients from Scandinavia, Germany and the United Kingdom. Clinics reflect that reality by often offering additional patient services, such as having translators and personal coordinators on hand. Most medical staff in Latvia speak English, while some may also speak additional languages, such as Russian.

Results from Latvian clinics submitted to ESHRE are compiled into yearly aggregate reports; these, however, like others from other countries, are often published with a large delay. 

Featured Clinics in Latvia

Fertility treatments in Latvia

Current Latvian law permits access to fertility treatments to single women, heterosexual couples. Women in same-sex relationships may be treated by some of the clinics – assuming one partner states that she is single.

One unusual thing about Latvia is that their assisted reproduction laws do not specify an upper age limit for either women or men. Latvian IVF clinics decide on cases individually, which can make the country an attractive destination for older patients. In order to make the best choice, always remember to ask your clinic if they have an age limit in place.

Gamete and embryo donations are allowed. Although there is no legal requirement, the approved guidelines recommend a single embryo transfer for all the patients with good prognosis. The same guidelines do not recommend the transfer of three or more embryos. Donations anonymity is clearly required by the law. Parents are only allowed access to the donor’s genetic and phenotypic data.

Modern pre-implantation diagnostics such as PGS and PGD are available to patients. Sex selection as a result of these diagnostics is only allowed in medically justified cases – for instance, if there is a significant possibility of the child being born with a genetic disorder related to the sex chromosomes.

IVF for lesbian couples in Latvia

Same sex female couples can be treated in Latvia.

Egg donation in Latvia

According to the Latvian law, egg, sperm and embryo donation is anonymous. The donors’ personal data is collected and entered into the nationwide donor registry where confidentiality is maintained by the Latvian Ministry of Health. It is important to mention here that because of the country’s small population (around 2 million – according to 2019 estimations) and ethnic makeup, donor diversity is rather limited.

Egg donor information available in Latvia

Although Latvian law requires strict anonymity with regard to the donors, patients have access to some basic genetic and phenotypic information, such as a description of their appearance (height, weight, skin tone, hair and eye colours, etc.), their blood type, and their genetic history.

Latvian law does not specify a procedure in which donors and patients are matched. Instead, each clinic has its own matching method. While most of them follow guidelines from ESHRE and other related advisory bodies, it is always worth making sure what the matching process is at a given clinic and what information about the donor would be made available to you as a patient.

Egg donor qualifications

Potential donors in Latvia must satisfy several criteria in order to be able to donate. First of all, donors must be between the ages of 18 and 35 (in case of women) and 18 and 45 (in case of men). They are selected on the basis of their age, health and medical history, and they also have to submit an assessment made by a psychiatrist and a narcologist.

Donor qualification tests required by law:

  • Anti–HIV–1 and HIV–2
  • Anti–HBc
  • Anti–HCV–AB
  • HTLV–1
  • Chlamydia

Depending on the donor’s travel and exposure history, additional testing may be required including tests for RhD, malaria, CMV and T. cruzi. Sometimes Latvian IVF clinics also include karyotyping testing (as recommended by ESHRE) as well they as microbiological and pap smears and ultrasound examinations on egg donors

There is a maximum number of 3 children born from same egg donor.

Embryo donation in Latvia

Embryo donation in Latvia is allowed for a single woman and infertile heterosexual couples.

IVF cost in Latvia

Latvia’s relatively high standards of care come at a price. The average egg donation treatment in Latvia is €5,000 – €8,000 while the prices of single IVF cycle with own eggs range from €3,200 to €6,200. These prices are surely higher than in nearby destinations, such as Poland or Russia.

Sources: IVF Aroad Patients Guide, WhereIVF.com >>> | Patients Enquiries Reports 2013-2019, Fertility Clinics Abroad Ltd., Edinburgh, August 2019 | Patients Enquiries Report’s 2013-2019, IVF Media Ltd., Dublin, August 2019

It also needs to be remarked that some clinics may not be as transparent about additional fees accumulating over the course of treatment; always be sure to ask your clinic of choice about whether these costs are included in their price quote:

  • the donor’s fee, her medication and screening (if you’re interested in egg donation)
  • egg retrieval
  • sperm collection and sperm preparation
  • ICSI
  • IVF add-ons  (techniques in IVF Lab)
  • transfer of blastocysts
  • vitrification (freezing) and storage of embryos/blastocysts
  • frozen embryo transfer

IVF success rates in Latvia

IVF with donor eggs (egg donation) success rates in Latvia as compared to other European countries according to ESHRE latest report. 

Please note, in the latest ESHRE report, there were 101 egg donation cycles reported from Latvia. It might not have been enough data to present success rates comparable with other countries.

Egg Donation Success Rates* per woman age in Europe – popular countries
Country / Woman age<3435-39≥40
Spain53.8
57.4
53.7
Czech Republic44.741.040.2
Greece59.658.954.3
North CyprusNo data / not collected by ESHRE
Ukraine64.366.361.9
Russia46.745.542.8
Portugal43.746.449.2
Poland45.344.240.3
Latvia100.0*16.7*7.7*
UK41.944.041.8
*Pregnancy rates per embryo transfer. Source: ART in Europe, 2016: results generated from European registries by ESHRE >>> | *Only 101 ED cycles were reported for Latvia – not enough data.

IVF laws and clinics accreditation in Latvia

Latvia passed its initial Sexual and Reproductive Health Law back in 2002. It laid out the legislative foundations for diagnosing and treating infertility. Articles 13 through 15 deal with assisted reproduction, establishing that heterosexual couples, single women and same-sex female couples could undergo IVF procedures, whether with their own gametes, or those of a donor. Article 15 forbids, among other things, sex selection (except for medically justified reasons) and transferring more than three embryos in a single cycle.

This law was then augmented by several regulations passed by the Latvian parliament. Regulation 716, passed in 2003, set forth the rules for setting up donor gamete banks, as well as established the registries of infertile families, assisted reproduction procedures and gamete donors. It also clarified the process of performing assisted reproduction treatments.

Two additional resolutions followed – no. 208 in 2007 and no. 1176 in 2013 slightly changing the procedures and protocols for obtaining, handling, and storing human tissues and cells. These changes brought the Latvian legislation more in-line with the European recommendations and regulations.

IVF in Latvia – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How much does IVF treatment cost in Latvia?

Latvia can boast the impressively high standards of diagnostics and treatment as well as professional and experienced infertility specialists at hand. The cost of average egg donation treatment is €5,000 – €8,000 while the prices of single IVF cycle with own eggs range from €3,200 to €6,200.

What kind of IVF treatment is legally allowed in Latvia?

In Latvia, single women, heterosexual couples and same-sex female couples are allowed for IVF treatment, with no legal age limit for either women or men. Egg and embryo donations are allowed and anonymous. Preimplantation diagnostics such as PGS and PGD are available and sex selection is allowed only in medically justified cases.

What are IVF success rates in Latvia?

Unfortunately, only few clinics are reporting their results to the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE). According the ESHRE 2014 report, the overall birth rates for IVF with own eggs were 22.3% (for patients under 35 years old), 24.5% (for patients aged 35-39) and 3.2% (for patients over 40). The birth rate for IVF treatment with donor eggs was 50.9% for all age groups.

What are the most frequently chosen cities for IVF treatment in Latvia?

The most willingly chosen city for IVF treatment in Latvia is its capital, Riga. It is the place where most Latvian IVF clinics are located.

What major laws are regulating IVF treatment in Latvia?

The basic law of in vitro fertilisation in Latvia is Sexual and Reproductive Health Law, passed back in 2002. There are also specific regulations approved by the Cabinet of Ministers, such as Regulation No.716 („Organisational Procedures for the medical impregnation and procedures for the establishment of an infertile families register, medical impregnation register and gamete donor register, as well as for the establishment of the gamete donor bank”) or Regulation No.1176 (“Regulations Regarding the Use of Human Tissues and Cells”).

Where can I find the information on IVF clinics in Latvia?

IVF patients travelling to Latvia for IVF treatment may contact the Cross–Border
Healthcare Contact Point at the National Health Service. It is an information centre, providing the information on the Latvian national healthcare system as well as on the procedures required for obtaining the cross–border healthcare services. Its contact details are found on the following website: http://www.vmnvd.gov.lv/en/cross–border–healthcare–contact–point/

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Resources used in this article
Aleksander Wiecki

Aleksander Wiecki

Aleksander is a specialist marketing professional, patient’s experience manager and advocate of transparency and truth of IVF treatment. He has strong expertise and background in the IVF industry including IVF clinics, Genetic Laboratories and IVF patients. Aleksander strongly believes that there is a gap between IVF Patients and IVF clinics. It is this gap where patients may fall for the most common IVF treatment traps. That’s why patients need help and support which they don’t necessary get from IVF clinics. The support which comes from an objective, trustworthy and reliable source. Aleksander is a regular guest at ESHRE annual meetings, the Fertility Show in London, the Fertility Forum, the IMTJ - Medical Travel Summit and Fertility Exhibitions and conferences around the world.
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